Crataegus berries are edible and during World War I, Crataegus (Hawthorn) seeds were ground and used instead of coffee. In addition, Hawthorn leaves were used instead of tea and tobacco.
More crucially Hawthorn berries have been used in healthcare as far back as the 15th century and known as a tonic. Alfred Vogel relished eating Crataegus berries as a child and later learnt of their true usefulness as a tincture made from the pulp of the berries.
Tincture of fresh Crataegus oxyacantha (Hawthorn) berries, extracted in alcohol (50%V/V)
Directions for use:
Adults: 15 – 20 drops three times daily in a little water.
Children: This product is not recommended for children.